By Brian Hayden
Early hunter/gatherer societies have commonly been thought of essentially egalitarian in nature. This assumption, even if, has been challenged through modern archaeolgical and anthropological examine, which has confirmed that a lot of those societies had complicated social, monetary, and political buildings. This quantity considers British Columbia local groups - the Lillooet and Shuswap groups of Fountain and Pavilion - and lines their improvement to complicated societies. The authors discover the relation among source features and hunter/gatherer variations and consider using fish, animal, and plant species, documenting their availability and the strategies utilized in their accumulating, processing, and storing. The e-book additionally exhibits how cultural practices, similar to raiding, potlatching, and stewardship of assets, will be defined from a cultural ecological standpoint. a huge contribution to the research of looking and accumulating cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this e-book is the main precise exam of the subsistence base of a specific looking and collecting staff up to now. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced looking and amassing societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, may well make an enormous contribution to the examine of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. an immense contribution to the examine of searching and collecting cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this e-book is the main exact exam of the subsistence base of a selected looking and collecting team so far. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced searching and collecting societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, will make an incredible contribution to the examine of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. "Brian Hayden is a professor within the division of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University.".
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Additional resources for A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau: Traditional Stl'Atl'imx Resource Use
Mountain sheep, on the other hand, produce only one individual per year, and their numbers can easily be decimated. Except for trees and shrubs which are not destroyed by the harvesting of their usable fruits, plants exhibit a similar range of characteristics. Ecologists refer to those species which have relatively short lifespans and copious offspring as r-selected species; those which have relatively long lifespans and few offspring are fC-selected. K-selected species are much easier to overexploit than r-selected species.
VOLUME ORGANIZATION This volume is organized according to major topics and types of resources. Chapter 2, by Diana Alexander, sets out the resource use zones employed in the analysis of the study area; each zone is described in physical, biological, and climatic terms. Chapter 3, also by Alexander, is a major synthesis of resource use and seasonal mobility, focusing on group compositions and locations at various times of the year. She also documents the types of activities that took place in each environmental use zone and the archaeological remains that might be expected from those activities.
In Transcript of Cowichan Agency Evidence, Provincial Archives of British Columbia, Add mss. 1056 -. 1919. ' British Columbia Report of the Commissioner of Fisheries for the Year Ending December 3ist, 1918. Victoria Beckerman, Stephen. 1983. ' American Zoologist 23:283-90 Begbie, M. 1861. ' Journal, Royal Geographical Society 31:237-48 Bettinger, Robert. 1980. ), Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 3:189-255. New York: Academic Press Binford, Lewis. 1980. ' American Antiquity 45:4-20 -.
A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau: Traditional Stl'Atl'imx Resource Use by Brian Hayden