By Katsura Aoyama
During this monograph Katsura Aoyama provides a sequence of psycholinguistic investigations on consonantal differences in Finnish and jap. the writer deftly describes ameliorations in grownup construction, notion, and baby acquisition of those differences. this can be an incredible paintings for these attracted to fresh advancements in theoretical and psycholinguistics.
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Additional info for A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions
5 Geminates occurred due to assimilations are marked with squared brackets. 6 lei, however, only occurred 69 times as a singleton and II times as a geminate, and it probably is a part of the reason that it has rather small ratio. I excluded the ratio between /p/ and Ipp/, because they only occurred II and 12 times respectively. 7 Jakobson uses the term 'dental' . 8 All the descriptive terms for suffixes are the ones used in Shibatani (1987). 9 The vowels in case markers always match the one to which it is attached due to vowel harmony.
As a group, Finnish speakers are more 'segment control'; they make the contrast between the two target words more by controlling the duration of the nasal. Japanese speakers are, in general, more 'stretcher' or ' word control' who make the contrast in the duration of the whole word. Another interesting finding is that, in both in Finnish and Japanese, the durations of geminates are more widely dispersed (see left side of Figures 4 and 7). The duration of [n] ranged from 33 to 97 ms. with mean 62 ms.
51) (Table 12). This ratio in Finnish is larger than what has been claimed to be a piece of evidence for Japanese as a mora-timed language (Han 1962, Sato 1996, 1998). However, this nasal ratio alone cannot be used to argue for or against the timing status of a language, because it has been found that the ratios between single and geminate nasals are also large in Korean and English, which are claimed to be syllable-timed and stress-timed respectively (Sato 1996). Fujisaki and Sugito06 (1977) examined the categorical boundary using an incremental stimulus continuum ama-amma; the stimuli were perceived 45 as amma 'massage' when the whole-word duration was 341 ms.
A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions by Katsura Aoyama