By Peter Wagner
Confusion reigns in sociological money owed of the curent situation of modernity. The story-lines from the 'end of the topic' to 'a new individualism', from the 'dissolution of society' to the re-emergence of 'civil society', from the 'end of modernity' to an 'other modernoity' to 'neo-modernization'. This ebook bargains a sociology of modernity in phrases of a old account of social adjustments during the last centuries, targeting Western Europe but additionally the us and at Soviet socialism as certain versions of modernity. A primary ambivalence of modernity is captured by means of the double suggestion of liberty and self-discipline in its 3 significant dimensions: the kinfolk among person liberty and political neighborhood , betwen supplier and constitution, and among in the community located human lives and broadly prolonged social associations. significant historic variations of modernity are exclusive, the 1st one starting within the past due 19th century and resulting in a social formation that may be referred to as geared up modernity, and the second one being the one who dissolves geared up modernity. it truly is this present transformation which revives a few key matters of the 'modern project', rules of liberty, plurality and person autonomy. however it imperils others, specially the production of social identities as ties among humans that let significant and socially doable improvement of person autonomy, and the potential for politics as communicative interplay and collaborative deliberation approximately what people have in universal.
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Extra resources for A Sociology of Modernity: Liberty and Discipline
Historically, this fiction generated its own problems—problems that we can derive from the master discourse and can use for identifying the analytical issues for a sociology of modernity. As pointed out above, modern reasonings on the constitution of society suffer from the aporia of having to link the normative idea of liberty, as a procedurally unlimitable right and obligation to self-rule and selfrealization, to a notion of collective good, be it merely in terms of a minimal livable order or be it in terms of substantive objectives of humankind, such as wealth, democracy or truth.
First, the autonomy of the individual, her desire for self-realization and self-fulfilment is hailed; and second, domination, the submission of some human beings to the power of others, is denounced. In analytical terms, their common problem is how to account for the fact that one person’s exercise of autonomy may entail domination over another person. Critical theories of capitalism have explained this undeniable fact by sources and mechanisms that lie outside the true desires of human beings, possibly historical residues, or by the erection of the basically modern order on some flawed assumptions or its incompleteness.
Rather, they mark the space over which the modern condition may be historically traced. In this sense, a delineation of key modes of habitualized social practices at different historical points, and especially of the transformations of these practices, is a means of locating the specific condition of modernity inside this space. The general classification of practices is based on the assumption that the major characteristics of the social formations of modernity can thus be identified as historically varying constellations of those institutions of modernity.
A Sociology of Modernity: Liberty and Discipline by Peter Wagner