By C. Shelby
Addiction argues that habit could be understood no longer as a sickness yet as a phenomenon that needs to be understood on many degrees right now. using a posh dynamic structures strategy and philosophical technique, Shelby explains habit as an irreducible neurobiological, mental, developmental, environmental, and sociological phenomenon.
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Extra resources for Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective
Life is another, much more complex instance of self-maintenance, emerging from nonliving processes. Organisms are constantly engaged in processes of organizing. They incessantly generate new “appropriately structured and appropriately fitted molecular structures,” employing energy and materials from the outside to fuel their internal processes. ”50 And not only do Some Philosophical Questions (and a New Theory) 31 individual organisms reverse entropy by maintaining themselves but they also reproduce themselves by replicating both the patterns that constitute them and the materials subserving those patterns.
Addiction is an irreducible reality. Once we move away from trying to understand its features as either the chemical-electrical functioning of neurons or as the intentional, experiential phenomena that only those who are addicted can know, we can escape both from radical reductionism and from brute, inexplicable dualism. “Mental states don’t exist, any more than do flame states,” says Bickhard, rather provocatively. His point is that neither mental states nor flame states are things; they don’t have that sort of ontological status.
As René Descartes would have it, given the distinction between mind and body, judgments are mental processes and not physical ones, so addictive behaviors would have to be the result of choice, unless people are to be thought of as zombies, driven by mindless physical appetites, but they are not. For those who accept any version of dualism, humans are minded beings Some Philosophical Questions (and a New Theory) 21 who make judgments and choices. Those who accept the choice model seem to be committed to something like this.
Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective by C. Shelby