Download e-book for iPad: Alternatives to Cartography by Jeroen van Craenenbroeck

By Jeroen van Craenenbroeck

ISBN-10: 311020603X

ISBN-13: 9783110206036

Within the Eighties generative grammar famous that practical fabric is ready to undertaking syntactic constitution in conformity with the X-bar-format. This perception quickly ended in a substantial elevate within the stock of sensible projections. the elemental inspiration in the back of this line of theorizing, which works by means of the identify of cartography, is that sentence constitution might be represented as a template of linearly ordered positions, each one with their very own syntactic and semantic import. in recent times, although, a couple of difficulties were raised for this process. for instance, sure mixtures of syntactic parts can't be linearly ordered. In gentle of such difficulties a couple of replacement money owed were explored. a few of them suggest a brand new (often interface-related) set off for stream, whereas others search replacement technique of accounting for numerous note order styles. those choices to cartography don't shape a homogeneous workforce, nor has there up to now been a discussion board the place those rules can be in comparison and faced with each other. This quantity fills that hole. It bargains a diverse and in-depth view at the place taken via a considerable variety of researchers within the box this present day on what's possibly essentially the most hotly debated and debatable concerns in present-day generative grammar.

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As explained in section 3, one function of a contrastive topic is to shift the current topic of discourse from one item to another. The exchange in (27) therefore forces Bill-wa in the answer to be a contrastive topic, as this constituent is used to shift the topic from John. 32 Ad Neeleman, Elena Titov, Hans van de Koot and Reiko Vermeulen As predicted by (23), Bill-wa must appear in clause-initial position. 14 (27) (28) What did John eat at the party yesterday? Hmm, John-wa doo-ka sira-nai-kedo, ‘Well, I don’t know about John, but .

Ernst, Thomas 2001 The Syntax of Adjuncts. Cambridge: CUP. Frey, Werner 2001 About the whereabouts of indefinites. Theoretical Linguistics 27: 137– 161. Giusti, Giuliana 2006 Parallels in clausal and nominal periphery. ), Phases of Interpretation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Haider, Hubert 2000 Adverb placement – Convergence of structure and licensing. Theoretical Linguistics 26: 95–134. Haider, Hubert and Inger Rosengren 1998 Scrambling. Sprache und Pragmatik 49. Lund. Hajiˇcov´a, Eva, Barbara Partee, and Petr Sgall 1998 Focus, topic and semantics.

On this view of syntax, one would at first sight expect universal ordering restrictions between any two constituents with distinct syntactic functions. Of course, reality is more complex and the way this additional complexity is dealt with in cartography is by allowing languages to vary in the extent to which movement takes place in overt or covert syntax. However, it can be demonstrated that this is insufficient to deal with the distribution of topics and foci in Dutch. In other empirical domains that display word order variation, it has already been shown that an analysis in terms of a single hierarchy of functional projections is untenable, even under an extensive parameterization of movement operations.

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Alternatives to Cartography by Jeroen van Craenenbroeck


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