Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov's Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in PDF

By Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

ISBN-10: 147982304X

ISBN-13: 9781479823048

Until very lately, the assumption of historical Jewish sciences might were thought of unacceptable. because the 1990’s, Early sleek and Medieval technological know-how in Jewish assets has been actively studied, however the consensus was once that no genuine medical issues may be present in previous Judaism. This paintings issues them out intimately, and posits a brand new box of study: the clinical job obvious within the lifeless Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The e-book of latest texts and new analyses of older ones unearths the most important components which are most sensible illuminated through the historical past of technological know-how, and will have attention-grabbing effects for it. The individuals evaluation those texts when it comes to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the 1st complete try and account for medical issues in moment Temple Judaism. They examine the which means and objective of clinical explorations in an apocalyptic atmosphere. An appreciation of those subject matters paves tips to a renewed realizing of the medical fragments scattered all through rabbinic literature.
The booklet first areas the Jewish fabric within the historical context of the close to jap and Hellenistic worlds. whereas the Jewish texts weren't at the leading edge of clinical discovery, they discover a significant position within the background of technological know-how, among Babylonia and Egypt, within the period of time among Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The publication makes use of fresh advances in strategy to study the contacts and networks of Jewish students of their historic environment. moment, the essays right here take on the complex idea of a countrywide medical culture. even supposing technology is these days usually conceived as common, the historiography of historic Jewish sciences demonstrates the significance of seeing the advance of technological know-how in an area context. The publication explores the strain among the hegemony of relevant medical traditions and native medical firms, exhibiting the relevance of historic information to modern postcolonial historiography of technology. ultimately, philosophical questions of the demarcation of technology are addressed in a manner which can improve the dialogue of similar old materials.
Online version available as a part of the NYU Library's old global electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the research of the traditional global (ISAW).


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Extra resources for Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

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I alluded earlier to the idea that the Rabbinic worldview was not necessarily hostile to the study of nature. This comes out in a striking manner in the pericope which opens Midrash Genesis Rabbah. 20 This pericope is attributed to Rabbi Hoshayah of Caesarea Maritima, who was a contemporary of Origen and may have met and debated with the Christian sage. According to Hoshayah Torah is the blueprint of creation: ‘God looked into the Torah and created the world’. Torah is the underlying principle, the Hokhmah, of nature.

There Yahweh confronts Job with a catalogue of the wonders of nature. No explanation is offered as to how nature works, only a lyrical description of its mysteries. Indeed the speeches are predicated on the assumption that the ways of God in the physical world are unfathomable to the human mind; the appropriate response to them is one of humility and praise, not study and explanation: ‘The Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this that darkens counsel without knowledge? Gird up now your loins like a man; for I will demand of you, and declare you unto me.

I See Otto Neugebauer, The Exact Sciences in Antiquity (New York: Dover, 1969, 2nd ed). 34 44 Ancient Jewish Sciences purposes; and it probably functioned as the language of international culture as well. It was in Aramaic that the Enochic circles received the Babylonian scientific traditions; it was in Aramaic that they preserved them. The ideas were new in Israel and Hebrew as yet lacked a technical, scientific vocabulary in which to express them. An analogous situation arose in the early Middle Ages, when Jews began to write in Arabic, not so much because it was the vernacular, but because it was the language of high culture and science, and Hebrew had yet to develop a scientific vocabulary.

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Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature by Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

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