By Nigel Gilbert, Roger Burrows, Anne Pollert
During the Eighties there have been profound adjustments within the labour strategy in the direction of the 'flexible employee' and within the labour marketplace in the direction of a 'flexible workforce'. 3 methods to give an explanation for those adjustments give you the concentration for this e-book: Marxist rules thought; the proposal of versatile specialisation linked to the 'new' institutional economics; and the version of the versatile enterprise derived from managerialist literature. within the booklet, the claims made by way of those methods are investigated and their implications are tested in terms of rising styles of labor in complicated societies.
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40 years in the past, managerialism ruled company governance. In either conception and perform, a workforce of senior managers ran the company with very little interference from different stakeholders. Shareholders have been basically powerless and usually quiescent. forums of administrators have been little greater than rubber stamps.
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The idea that the rapid technological innovation ofpost-Fordism shows that 'it' is beginning to overcome the root of the crisis is the reverse of the truth. What, then, of the mechanisms which Aglietta argued transmuted the tendency to overaccumulation during the postwar boom? (ii) Firstly, one mechanism which Aglietta argued to be central has disappeared: wage rises across each sector of the economy are no longer increasing in parallel to average productivity rises (if indeed they ever were: Clarke, l988a).
The defeat of the Labour government in 1951 brought in a Tory administration which was certainly not committed to Keynesian full employment policies. As is well known, until the late 1950s Keynesian policies were used exclusively to contain inflation, not to sustain full employment by deficit financing. 18 The framework of post-war reconstruction was by no means Keynesian. From 1947 it was unequivocally, both in theory and in practice, based on the rapid liberalisation of international trade and payments, culminating in the restoration of general currency convertibility in 1958.
There is therefore no reason to suppose that current labour process changes have altered the classical tendency for the organic composition of capital to rise, and the consequent tendency of capital invested to increase relative to surplus value produced per unit time. In the short to medium term the tendency to overaccumulation is governed by the processes of capitalist competition. New, more competitive fixed capital investments are made by each firm irrespective of the limitations of aggregate demand, on the assumption that these will maintain or increase the firm's market share.
Fordism and Flexibility: Divisions and Change by Nigel Gilbert, Roger Burrows, Anne Pollert