By Phillip Montague (auth.)
Are we morally required to behave within the pursuits of others? Does our value as individuals count in any respect on our valuing the nice of others? those questions, illustrative of these addressed during this publication, obstacle the relevance of other-interested issues -- of evidence approximately what's solid or undesirable for others -- to the ethical prestige of folks and their activities. Pursuing solutions to such questions is not just attention-grabbing and demanding in its personal correct, but in addition yields worthy insights in to the character of morality.
A distinguishing function of the e-book is its strangely finished remedy of the ethical importance of other-interested issues per se, of the way those issues are interrelated, and of the place they need to be positioned in additional basic ethical conception. will probably be of maximum curiosity to people with quite well-developed philosophical pursuits and talents -- to academics and complicated scholars of ethical philosophy specifically.
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Extra info for In the Interests of Others: An Essay in Moral Philosophy
Little benefactions are typically neither saintly nor heroic; they may not even be "above and beyond the call of duty" in any clear sense. But if performed in a spirit of self-sacrifice and benevolence, then their agents are praiseworthy for acting. Here is an example of a little benefaction: When you were a teenager, you spent much of your time constructing rather nice wooden scale models of antique cars. Over the years and for various reasons your collection of models has dwindled, until now you have only one left.
In particular, there can be obligations to become virtuous (obligations which we might wish to call "imperfect" in order to distinguish them from obligations to act) without there being any obligations (imperfect or otherwise) to perform acts characteristic of the virtues. The idea is that if people are obligated to act in ways which help them become virtuous, then these are presumably obligations to take any legitimate steps towards that end. That is, although it is not up to people to decide whether to be morally good, how they become morally good is a matter of individual discretion.
For example, obligations of beneficence may be essential components of parental obligations, or of the special obligations of health care professionals. However, resolving such issues would require that considerable attention be devoted to explaining what parents owe their children, physicians owe their patients, etc. And while these are philosophically interesting and important matters, addressing them would require more specialized discussions than are appropriate here. 12. Frankena, "Beneficence/Benevolence," p.
In the Interests of Others: An Essay in Moral Philosophy by Phillip Montague (auth.)