By Julian Granberry
A linguistic research aiding a brand new version of the colonization of the Antilles prior to 1492.This paintings formulates a testable speculation of the origins and migration styles of the aboriginal peoples of the better Antilles (Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico), the Lucayan Islands (the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and the Crown Colony of the Turks and Caicos), the Virgin Islands, and the northernmost of the Leeward Islands, ahead of ecu touch. utilizing archaeological information as corroboration, the authors synthesize facts that has been to be had in scattered locales for greater than 500 years yet which hasn't ever sooner than been correlated and significantly examined.Within any well-defined geographical zone (such as those islands), the linguistic expectation and norm is that folks talking an analogous or heavily similar language will intermarry, and, by way of partaking in a standard gene pool, will exhibit comparable socioeconomic and cultural qualities, in addition to universal artifact personal tastes. From an archaeological standpoint, the speak is deducible: artifact inventories of a well-defined sociogeographical zone are inclined to were created by way of audio system of a similar or heavily similar language or languages.Languages of the Pre-Columbian Antilles offers details in keeping with those assumptions. the knowledge is scant—scattered phrases and words in Spanish explorers' journals, neighborhood position names written on maps or in missionary records—but the collaboration of the authors, one a linguist and the opposite an archaeologist, has tied the linguistics to the floor anywhere attainable and allowed the development of a framework with which to appreciate the relationships, hobbies, and payment styles of Caribbean peoples ahead of Columbus arrived."This exhaustive learn . . . does a fantastic task in pulling jointly the disparate info of the Ta&iactue;no and different pre-Contact languages of the Caribbean and organizing them right into a coherent whole."—Charles Ewen, East Carolina college
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Additional info for Languages of the Pre-Columbian Antilles
Rouse 1992:62). This complex has been called Ortoiroid, after the Trinidadian type-site, and marks an Archaic Age complex of aceramic culture traits. c. d. (Rouse 1992:82)—at the Sugar Factory site on St. ), as well as sites on St. , perhaps earlier (Figueredo 1976, 1987; Goodwin 1978; Gross 1976; Lundberg 1989, 1991; Rouse 1992:62; Rouse and Allaire 1979:114). These Lesser Antillean Archaic cultures are dif¤cult to characterize because of the small numbers of artifacts recovered, because there is so much variation from site to site, and because the artifactual inventory of most sites is not always typically Ortoiroid (Kozlowski 1980:71–74, Rouse 1986:132, Rouse 1992:62, Veloz Maggiolo and Ortega 1973).
The general privative-negative pre¤x of Arawakan languages is ma-. This is the reconstructed Proto-Maipuran form (Payne 1990:77) and also the form which occurs in both Taíno (Taylor 1977:19) and Eyeri/Island Carib (Taylor 1952:150). In most other Northern Maipuran languages the pre¤x also takes the same shape—Manao ma-esa ‘no, not,’ for example. Only rarely, as in Amarakaeri, a Pre-Andine Arawakan language of 32 / Chapter 3 the Pilcopata River region in Peru, does the pre¤x take the form ba- (Payne 1990:77).
While far western Cuba was not penetrated to any great extent until the hispanicization of the late 1600s and 1700s, even by the Taíno so far as we can tell archaeologically (Rouse 1992:20), we are in no position to simply ignore the 1514 Velázquez account, unprofessional and brief though it may seem to some modern-day historians and anthropologists. Columbus’s Taíno interpreter, who was given the name Diego Colón, was unable to understand the language of the people who inhabited the shores of the Golfo de Batabanó off the south coast of far western Cuba when that area was reconnoitered in mid-April 1494 during Columbus’s second voyage (Rouse 1992:147–148).
Languages of the Pre-Columbian Antilles by Julian Granberry