By Claire L. Tobin, Y C Gary Lee, Fergus Gleeson, Najib Rahman, David Feller-Kopman
With a wide quantity of ultrasound pictures and educating movies, Pleural Ultrasound for Clinicians: A textual content and book is a print and interactive electronic source that gives functional tips for all these project pleural ultrasound investigations and methods. With transparent, certain directions for scientific perform, it is going to aid clinicians:
- Recognise common anatomy in addition to universal pleural pathologies
- Perfect ideas for ultrasound-guided pleural approaches
- Learn how you can decide upon the proper ultrasound apparatus for his or her department
- Test their wisdom throughout the self-assessment and revision sections
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Extra info for Pleural Ultrasound for Clinicians: A Text and E-book
28 Pleural Ultrasound for Clinicians MCQ 4 Q Which controls need to be adjusted to optimize this image of the liver? a. Focal zone. b. Dynamic range. c. Sector width. TGC. Depth. ANSWERS A 1. c, d CHAPTER 2 See Chapter 2 for more detail. A c 2. a, b, c See labeled image (right) illustrating the relevant artifacts and Chapter 2 for further explanation: a = edge artifact, b = posterior enhancement; c = contact artifact. A b a 3. a, b, e See labeled image (right) for illustration. This image is set too deep (b).
The strongest echo appears white (hyperechoic), while the image is black when no sound wave is reflected from the organ (anechoic). The diaphragm, pleura, and pericardium cause hyperechoic reflections on normal chest ultrasound. Artifacts are misrepresentation of echoes in relation to the actual structures. Examples are reverberation, comet-tail, and mirror artifacts, which may be seen commonly in normal chest ultrasound (see Chapter 2). In many instances they are useful and their correct interpretation is vital for successful clinical application of pleural ultrasound.
16 Image of a large renal cyst. The high fluid content causes posterior enhancement deep to the structure (white bracket). GB Acoustic shadowing occurs due to either complete attenuation or reflection of the sound wave. , bone, metal, and calcification, this is due to attenuation of the sound wave. This prevents further propagation and transmission of the wave and causes deeper tissue to produce fewer or no echoes, and therefore appear echo void. This gives the appearance of a casting shadow. 17).
Pleural Ultrasound for Clinicians: A Text and E-book by Claire L. Tobin, Y C Gary Lee, Fergus Gleeson, Najib Rahman, David Feller-Kopman