Download e-book for iPad: The Aztec Economic World: Merchants and Markets in Ancient by Kenneth G. Hirth

By Kenneth G. Hirth

ISBN-10: 1107142776

ISBN-13: 9781107142770

This examine explores the association, scale, complexity, and integration of Aztec trade throughout Mesoamerica at Spanish touch. The goals of the ebook are threefold. the 1st is to build an in-depth realizing of the industrial association of precolumbian Aztec society and the way it built within the method that it did. the second one is to discover the livelihoods of the people who acquired, bought, and moved items throughout a cultural panorama that lacked either navigable rivers and animal delivery. ultimately, this learn versions Aztec financial system in a manner that enables its comparability to different old and premodern societies round the world.  What makes the Aztec economic system particular is that it built the most subtle industry economies within the historical global in a society with one of many worse transportation platforms. this is often the 1st publication to supply an up to date and accomplished view of the Aztec economic climate in thirty years.

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Additional info for The Aztec Economic World: Merchants and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica

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The extent to which rulers in other towns followed this practice as carefully as Nezahualcoyotl remains to be seen. A corollary strategy followed by commoner households instead of begging was the intensive exploitation of famine foods, those marginal or low productivity resources that were only consumed when agricultural resources failed. This involves a reversion to resources that often formed the basis of earlier foraging economies prior to the development of food production. In hard times, Nothing was thrown away; all then was saved–wild seeds not commonly eaten; musty maize; corn silk; corn tassels; pulp scraped from maguey, tappings, tuna cactus flowers; cooked maguey leaves; heated maguey sap.

Although the structure and distributional perspectives are closely related, they provide complementary but contrasting views of an economy’s organization and how products flowed between its different sectors. domestic and institutional economy The value of the structural perspective is that it focuses attention on how economic activity was organized in social terms. In this discussion the economy is divided into the domestic and institutional sectors which facilitate examining the multi-faceted modes of production and distribution that operated in Mesoamerica.

Using average maize yields, Barbara Williams (1994) calculated that in normal agricultural years 20% of households did not produce enough maize to meet their needs. In poor agricultural years fully 50% of the households might not produce enough 28 The structure of Mesoamerican economy food to feed themselves. In these situations part-time crafting would have been an important auxiliary subsistence activity. It is not an exaggeration to say that most of the craft goods consumed in prehispanic highland societies were produced by artisans working in their households (see Chapter 5).

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The Aztec Economic World: Merchants and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica by Kenneth G. Hirth

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