Download e-book for iPad: Why Things Matter to People: Social Science, Values and by Andrew Sayer

By Andrew Sayer

Andrew Sayer undertakes a primary critique of social science's problems in acknowledging that people's relation to the realm is one in every of challenge. As sentient beings, able to flourishing and agony, and especially liable to how others deal with us, our view of the area is considerably evaluative. but modernist methods of pondering motivate the typical yet notable trust that values are past cause, and basically subjective or concerns of conference, with little or not anything to do with the type of beings everyone is, the standard in their social family, their fabric situations or healthiness. the writer indicates how social conception and philosophy have to swap to mirror the complexity of daily moral matters and the significance humans connect to dignity. He argues for a robustly serious social technology that explains and evaluates social lifestyles from the point of view of human flourishing.

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Download e-book for iPad: Why Things Matter to People: Social Science, Values and by Andrew Sayer

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Extra info for Why Things Matter to People: Social Science, Values and Ethical Life by Sayer, Andrew (2011)

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142 on Mon Sep 23 07:13:45 WEST 2013. 002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 Values within reason 41 competing thoughts – that the choice must be regarded as of momentous importance, even though nothing objectively matters – leaves one wondering whether the feeling of profundity generated from viewing life from Weber’s elevated perspective is merely a symptom of hypoxia [too much oxygen]. Strip out Weber’s hyperbolic rhetoric, and what remains is the instrumentalist theory of practical reason.

The divorce of positive and normative discourses reflects changes in society, particularly the rise of liberal individualism and the related rise of markets (Poole, 1991). According to liberalism, individuals should be free to decide on their conception of the good, and while this does not preclude public discussion of such matters, it prioritizes the right of individuals to pursue their own conceptions regardless of what others think, provided that they do not harm others. The spread of commerce increased the interaction between different communities with different values, and made it in their mutual interest to adopt a lowest common denominator form of consensus that allowed many differences to be left unresolved.

I shall argue that our descriptions of social life are likely to be inadequate if we attempt to avoid evaluation of social action and the conditions in which people live. I shall begin with a brief discussion of the nature of values and valuation, distinguishing between more and less useful ways of thinking about these. Then I shall deconstruct the ‘fact–value family of dualisms’ that underpin emotivist views of values. I attempt to show how they cannot comprehend valuation, norms, emotional reason, needs and desire or normative force.

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Why Things Matter to People: Social Science, Values and Ethical Life by Sayer, Andrew (2011) by Andrew Sayer


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